The MUPUS penetrator, an instrument equipped with a hammering device and a 40 cm rod carrying measuring devices, was constructed by a team from the Space Mechatronics and Robotics Laboratory at the PAS Space Research Center (the strongest center in the world making specialist devices of this sort). The instrument is part of the European Space Agency’s Rosetta mission, underway since 2004. After 10 years in flight, MUPUS landed on the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, attached to the Philae lander. It penetrated the comet’s surface and is sending measurement data back to Earth. This is the first space research of its kind carried out by European scientists.
Close up images of the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
The Polish-constructed MUPUS penetrator device