Division II: Biological and Agricultural Sciences

 

Institutes:

European Regional Center for Ecohydrology

disciplines: biology, environmental engineering and environmental protection, fisheries science
fields of activity: ecohydrology, ecology, and the application of ecosystemic biotechnologies for the protection and rehabilitation of reservoirs and river ecosystems • the role of water-land ecotones in protection, reduction in non-point pollution, and the regulation of biotic processes in rivers and reservoirs (reducing toxic cyanobacterial blooms in reservoirs, accelerating self-purification and increasing biodiversity in rivers) • biomanipulation in reservoirs aimed at improving the quality of water and boosting fish harvests • biomonitoring

Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment

disciplines: biology, environmental engineering and conservation, forest sciences, environmental management
fields of activity: agroecology • ecological principles of the conservation and shaping of the agricultural environment • the flow of energy and matter in agricultural landscapes • the conservation of biological resources • principles of forest management and conservation of forests and woodlots

Institute of Agrophysics

disciplines: agronomy, environmental engineering and conservation, agricultural technology 
fields of activity: the physics of soil and plant materials in the context of quality improvement • the physical degradation of the agricultural environment and the protection of its resources and properties • the employment of physical methods in studies on the properties of agricultural materials and products and processes in the soil / plant / atmosphere and plant / machine / agricultural product systems • monitoring and modelling physical processes in the natural environment and in the technological cycle of agricultural production 

Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition

disciplines: biology, animal husbandry science 
fields of activity: the nutritional physiology of animals – the development of the gastrointestinal tract, digestion, protein absorption and metabolism, the role and biology of rumen microorganisms • nutritional value of animal feed • energy transformations • energy and nutrient requirements in animals • the role of antinutrients • hormonal and neurohormonal regulation of development, growth, reproduction, lactation, and aging • the role of stress in neuroendocrine regulation in livestock

Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research

disciplines: veterinary sciences, food and nutrition technology, animal husbandry science
fields of activity: research into the chemical, physical, and biological properties of nutrients and non-nutrients in food products and the impact of their transformations on food quality • endocrinology, physiology, and pathophysiology of reproduction • developmental and experimental endocrinology with a particular emphasis on regulation mechanisms at molecular, local (organ), and central level

Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics

disciplines: biology
fields of activity: study of genomic organization, the structure and functions of genes at molecular level • mechanisms of mutagenesis, DNA repair, and replication • the structure and biosynthesis of nucleic acids and proteins • molecular and biochemical studies of the structure of enzymes • development of modern biotechnologies

Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry

disciplines: biology, informatics, chemical sciences
fields of activity: the synthesis and chemistry of modified nucleosides and nucleotides showing antiviral activity • the analysis of the correlation of structure and biological activity • the chemical and enzymatic synthesis of oligonucleotides and nucleic acids • the analysis of protein-nucleic acid interactions • chemistry and biology of ribonucleic acids • the analysis of the structure and organization of the genes of higher plants with a particular emphasis on the Fabaceae family • symbiotic nitrogen fixation • plant transformation and regeneration • edible plant vaccines • molecular biology of oncogenes • molecular mechanisms of RNA recombination in viruses • phytochemical analysis of natural compounds and research in the field of their applications • applications of heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy and spectrofluorimetry in the conformational analysis of nucleic acids and their components • crystallographic analysis of proteins, nucleic acids, and their derivatives • computer modeling and computational techniques in molecular biology and chemistry • metabolomics and proteomics using mass spectrometry

Institute of Botany

disciplines: biology 
fields of activity: botany • biodiversity of floras in Poland and other regions of the world (particularly Europe, the Arctic, and Antarctica) • evolutionary taxonomy of vascular and non-vascular plants and fungi • phycology • bryology • lichenology • mycology • phytogeography • floristics • geobotany • ecology and ecotoxicology • paleobotany and paleoethnobotany 

Institute of Dendrology

disciplines: biology, forest sciences, gardening
fields of activity: research into tree and shrub genetics, physiology, acclimation, introduction, ecology, phytopathology, entomology, systematics and geography

Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding

disciplines: biology, animal husbandry science
fields of activity: genetics and animal breeding • molecular genetics • cytogenetics • genome mapping in animals • embryology • biotechnology and biotechnics of embryos • stress biochemistry and physiology • animal behavior and ethology • animal genotyping and the adaptation of genotypes to the conditions and forms of animal usage

Institute of Nature Conservation

disciplines: biology
fields of activity: the strategy of the conservation of floras, faunas, and natural ecosystems • studies on selected and model plant and animal populations of different conservation statuses • developing an optimum system of territorial conservation, its functions and importance for the conservation of floras, faunas, and the inanimate natural environment, including in particular biosphere reserves in border areas • determining the degree of degradation of protected and human-exploited ecosystems under the influence of industrial emissions

Institute of Paleobiology

disciplines: biology, geology
fields of activity: paleontology • systematics • evolutionary biology • biogeology • biostratigraphy • paleobiogeography of microfossils • fossil vertebrates and invertebrates

Institute of Parasitology

disciplines: biology, medical and veterinary sciences 
fields of activity: animal parasitism • faunistics • morphology • biology and ecology of parasites • parasite physiology and pathophysiology in the host-parasite systems • immunological defense mechanisms in parasitic diseases • the impact of medicines on parasites and animal productivity

Institute of Plant Genetics

disciplines: agronomy, biology
fields of activity: classical and molecular genetics as well as cytogenetics of higher plants, including in particular model species and crop plants, in vitro cultures, genetic and physical mapping of plant genomes • functional and structural genomics • genome synteny • plant transformation • the genetics of plant resistance to pathogens and environmental stress factors • widening the scope of biodiversity • the employment of statistical and bioinformatic methods in genetics, genomics, and breeding

Institute of Plant Physiology

disciplines: biology, agronomy 
fields of activity: the physiology of the development and growth of crop plants • factors regulating the photosynthetic productivity of plants • the mechanisms of plant resistance to environmental stress • plant tissue growth and regeneration

Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals

disciplines: biology
fields of activity: systematics of fossil mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians coming from the Tertiary and Quaternary of Poland against the backdrop of the fossil fauna of the Palearctic • the ecology of the modern avifauna of Poland • systematics and zoogeography of some groups of Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera, Apterygota • the terrestrial Mollusca in the Tertiary, Quaternary, and modern period in Poland against the backdrop of the fauna of the Palearctic • genetics and karyology of selected groups of vertebrates and invertebrates • cytogenetics of Ciliata, especially the Paramecium

Mammal Research Institute

disciplines: biology
fields of activity: research into the morphology, systematics, evolution, ecology, ethology, genetics, and conservation of mammals and biodiversity with a particular emphasis on the unique ecological conditions of the Białowieża Primeval Forest • environmental protection

Museum and Institute of Zoology

disciplines: biology
fields of activity: zoology, especially systematics, faunistics, zoogeography • research into the structure and spatial distribution of faunas in Poland against faunas in Europe aimed at explaining the genesis of the modern fauna in Poland and its evolution under the influence of transformations in the modern natural environment • systematics of animals, especially invertebrates • monographs describing the fauna of Poland

Institute of Experimental Biology

disciplines: biology, medical biology
fields of activity: neurobiology – physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms of brain activity and plasticity, brain anatomy • biochemistry – structural and functional properties of contractile proteins and cell membranes, the bioenergetics of cellular processes, metabolic regulation • cell biology – the study of mechanisms of motor functions, membrane excitability, membrane transport, and the formation of new cellular structures • molecular biology – molecular and genetic mechanisms of cell excitation

Auxiliary research units:

Anthropology Unit

The merge of Anthropology Unit in Wrocław into Lidwik Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy

We would like to inform that by the resolution of the Polish Academy of Sciences’ Presiding Board of May 17th, 2016, Anthropology Unit in Wrocław has been integrated into the Ludwik Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy Polish Academy of Sciences in Wroclaw. The merge is effective as of 1st,July 2016. The above mentioned resolution may be found at: https://instytucja.pan.pl/images/2016/Uchwały/u-39.pdf

Based on the resolution all property, liabilities and receivables of Anthropology Unit in Wroclaw have been transferred into the Institute. Also all scientific staff, including 8 people, will continue their work in fame of the Institute.

disciplines: biology, medical and physical culture sciences
fields of activity: the biological and demographic consequences of social stratification in Poland and its changes over time • secular trends related to growth and maturation of children and youth depending on socio-economic conditions • research into the biological well-being of the modern population of Poland at different stages of ontogeny • adult mortality depending on socio-economic status, marital status, and territorial and social mobility • biological foundations of human behavior from the perspective of evolutionary psychology and behavioral ecology • the impact of lifestyle and environmental conditions on hormone levels in the menstrual cycle and reproductive functions in women • the biology of prehistoric populations on the basis of osteological material

Botanical Garden – Center for Biological Diversity Conservation in Powsin

disciplines: biology
fields of activity: the ex situ conservation of endangered plant species in Poland • biosystematics and plant biodiversity analysis • collecting and storing gene resources of native wild plants and crop plants and their applications in science and the national economy • in vitro cultures in plant biotechnology • plant growth and development in urban and industrial environments • biomonitoring of environmental pollution • comparative and functional anatomy of plants

Ichthyobiology and Aquaculture Unit

disciplines: fisheries science, biology
fields of activity: ichthyobiology • fisheries science • aquaculture • ecology of pond ecosystems • fish genetics and immunology

Research Station for Ecological Agriculture and Preservation of Native Breeds

disciplines: agronomy, animal husbandry science
fields of activity: agroecology • the preservation of native breeds (the Polish konik horses, Polish red cattle) • the breeding of deer and beavers • ethology • physiology of animal reproduction